Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Property and Equipment

Property and Equipment
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Property, Plant and Equipment [Abstract]  
Property and Equipment

Note 9. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consist of the following:


December 31, 


December 31, 




Buildings and building improvements





Land rights and land improvements




Miners and mining equipment




Machinery and facility equipment





Office and computer equipment





Construction in progress





Total cost of property and equipment





Less accumulated depreciation





Property and equipment, net





The Company recognized an impairment charge for its miners and mining equipment during the year ended December 31, 2022, as described below, but did not incur any other impairment charges for its property and equipment for the years ended December 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020.

Miners and mining equipment

As of December 31, 2022, the Company had deployed a total of 88,556 miners in its mining operation, all at the Rockdale Facility.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company paid approximately $194.9 million as deposits, primarily for ASIC miners, which were shipped monthly through December 2022, except for 5,130 miners that were received in January 2023, and reclassified $422.9 million to property and equipment in connection with the receipt of 57,649 miners at the Rockdale Facility.

During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company entered into six purchase agreements with Bitmain to acquire 52,500 Antminer model S19j miners and 30,000 of their latest Antminer model S19XP miners for a combined total purchase price of approximately $535.0 million. As of December 31, 2022, no amounts remain payable to Bitmain.

Depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment totaled approximately $105.9 million, $26.1 million, and $4.3 million, for years ended December 31, 2022, 2021, and 2020, respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company elected to not renew its co-location mining services agreement with Coinmint, which was therefore terminated automatically per its terms, effective as of July 8, 2022. In connection with the termination, the Company arranged for the transfer of the miners it was operating at Coinmint’s Massena, New York facility (the “Coinmint Facility”). The Company then entered into an equipment exchange agreement with a third-party Bitcoin mining company (the “Counterparty”), whereby the Company transferred approximately 5,700 of the Antminer model S19 Pro miners it had previously deployed at the Coinmint Facility to the Counterparty in exchange for 5,000 factory-new Antminer model S19j Pro miners delivered to the Rockdale Facility. After completing the transfer of the miners to the Counterparty, the Company relocated the balance of the

miners it had deployed at the Coinmint Facility to the Rockdale Facility. As a result of the exchange with the Counterparty, during the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recognized a gain on the exchange of equipment of approximately $16.3 million.

Impairment of miners

During the year ended December 31, 2022, adverse changes in business climate, including decreases in the price of Bitcoin and resulting decrease in the market price of miners, indicated that an impairment triggering event had occurred. Testing performed indicated the estimated fair value of the Company’s miners to be less than their net carrying value as of December 31, 2022, and an impairment charge of $55.5 million was recognized, decreasing the net carrying value of the Company’s miners to their estimated fair value. The estimated fair value of the Company’s miners is classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy due to the quoted market prices for similar assets.

Casualty-related charges (recoveries), net

In December 2022, the Rockdale Facility was damaged during severe winter storms in Texas, impacting approximately 2.5 EH/s of our hash rate capacity. Repairs have been ongoing, and, in January 2023, the Company successfully brought approximately 0.6 EH/s of impacted hash rate capacity back online.

The Company has estimated that total damages of $9.7 million were incurred during 2022. No insurance recoveries have been received. Recoveries will be recognized when they are probable of being received.

Construction in progress

Upon completion of the Whinstone Acquisition, we commenced expansion of our Rockdale Facility to 700 MW, from its initial 300 MW of developed capacity. As of December 31, 2022, our 400 MW expansion at the Rockdale Facility had achieved multiple progress milestones while navigating the challenges with the current state of the global supply chain, including the completion of the substation expansion to 700 MW, successful installation of the substation busbar, and 400 MW of high-voltage transformers. We also completed construction of three new buildings in 2022, and a fourth is currently being constructed.

Related party land transaction

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company began an initiative to provide certain on-site temporary housing for stakeholders, including partners, analysts, stockholders, etc. The initiative arose as a result of limited accommodations for visitors in the Rockdale, Texas area, which is relatively remote. During 2022 Riot purchased land for the development of temporary housing from Lyle Theriot (indirectly, through a limited liability company) for approximately $0.1 million. Mr. Theriot is part of the management team at Whinstone and is considered a related party of Whinstone. The Company evaluated certain related party implications of the purchase, under GAAP and other applicable regulatory reporting requirements including, but not limited to, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and determined the transaction occurred on an arm’s length basis.


As of December 31, 2022, the Company had outstanding executed purchase agreements for the purchase of miners from Bitmain for a total of 5,130 S19 series miners, which were received in January 2023. A summary of the purchase agreement commitments, deposits paid, and delivery timing is summarized as follows:


Original Purchase


Open Purchase



Agreement Date



Deposit Balance


November 22, 2021







First Quarter 2023

December 10, 2021







First Quarter 2023

December 24, 2021







First Quarter 2023