Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant accounting policies

Significant accounting policies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2016
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Significant accounting policies
Note 1.  Significant accounting policies:

Principles of consolidation
The consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Venaxis and its majority-owned and controlled subsidiary, BiOptix. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation.

Cash, cash equivalents and investments:

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of acquisition to be cash equivalents. From time to time, the Company's cash account balances exceed the balances as covered by the Federal Deposit Insurance System. The Company has never suffered a loss due to such excess balances.

The Company invests excess cash from time to time in highly-liquid debt and equity investments of highly-rated entities, which are classified as trading securities. Historically, the purpose of the investments has been to fund research and development, product development, FDA clearance-related activities and general corporate purposes. Such amounts are recorded at market values using Level 1 inputs in determining fair value and are generally classified as current, as the Company does not intend to hold the investments beyond twelve months. Investment securities classified as trading are those securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term, with the objective of preserving principal and generating profits. These securities are reported at fair value with unrealized gains and losses reported as an element of other (expense) income in current period earnings. The Company's Board of Directors has approved an investment policy covering the investment parameters to be followed with the primary goals being the safety of principal amounts and maintaining liquidity. The policy provides for minimum investment rating requirements as well as limitations on investment duration and concentrations. Based upon market conditions, the investment guidelines have been tightened to increase the minimum acceptable investment ratings required for investments and shorten the maximum investment term. As of September 30, 2016, approximately 9% of the investment portfolio was in cash and cash equivalents, which is presented as such on the accompanying balance sheet, and the remaining funds were invested in marketable securities with none individually representing a material amount of the portfolio.  Investments with a scheduled maturity beyond one year are classified as long-term investments on the balance sheet.  To date, the Company's cumulative realized market loss from the investments has not been significant. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, there was approximately $17,000 and $23,000, respectively, in management fee expenses.

Fair value of financial instruments:

The Company accounts for financial instruments under Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification Topic ("ASC") 820, Fair Value Measurements.  This statement defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.  To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements, ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three levels as follows:

Level 1— quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

Level 2 — observable inputs other than Level 1, quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, and model-derived prices whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable; and

Level 3 — assets and liabilities whose significant value drivers are unobservable.

Observable inputs are based on market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs are based on the Company's market assumptions.  Unobservable inputs require significant management judgment or estimation.  In some cases, the inputs used to measure an asset or liability may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy.  In those instances, the fair value measurement is required to be classified using the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.  Such determination requires significant management judgment. There were no financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value, with the exception of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.

The carrying amounts of the Company's financial instruments (other than cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments as discussed above) approximate fair value because of their variable interest rates and/or short maturities combined with the recent historical interest rate levels.

Revenue recognition and accounts receivable:
We recognize sales of goods under the provisions of ASC 605 and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Staff Accounting Bulletin ("SAB") 104, Revenue Recognition. Future revenue is expected to be generated primarily from the sale of products. Product revenue primarily consists of sales of instrumentation and consumables.

Revenue is recognized when the following four basic criteria are met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (ii) delivery has occurred and risk of loss has passed; (iii) the seller's price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and (iv) collectability is reasonably assured. 

Revenues are recorded less a reserve for estimated product returns and allowances which to date has not been significant. Determination of the reserve for estimated product returns and allowances is based on management's analyses and judgments regarding certain conditions. Should future changes in conditions prove management's conclusions and judgments on previous analyses to be incorrect, revenue recognized for any reporting period could be adversely affected.

The Company extends credit to customers generally without requiring collateral. As of September 30, 2016, the Company had accounts receivable of $21,500. As of December 31, 2015, the Company did not have any accounts receivable. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, nominal sales were recorded associated with the BiOptix operations.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, three European-based customers accounted for the total net sales, representing 48%, 29% and 23%, respectively.

Inventories acquired as part of the BiOptix purchase are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. The elements of cost in inventories include materials, labor and overhead.

Recently issued and adopted accounting pronouncements:
The Company has considered recently issued accounting pronouncements and does not believe the adoption of such pronouncements will have a material impact on their consolidated financial statements.

Income (loss) per share:

ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, requires dual presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") with a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic EPS computation to the numerator and denominator of the diluted EPS computation. Basic EPS excludes dilution. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock or resulted in the issuance of common stock that then shared in the earnings of the entity.

Basic net earnings (loss) per share includes no dilution and is computed by dividing net earnings (loss) available to shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net earnings (loss) per share reflect the potential dilution of securities that could share in the Company's earnings (loss).  The effect of the inclusion of the dilutive shares would have resulted in a decrease in loss per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 respectively.  Accordingly, the weighted average shares outstanding have not been adjusted for dilutive shares for any period presented.  Outstanding stock options and warrants are not considered in the calculation, as the impact of the potential common shares (totaling approximately 1,061,000 shares and 776,000 shares for each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively) would be anti-dilutive.

See Note 6 regarding a Reverse Stock Split effected on March 31, 2016.